Brighton Royal Pavilion: A Hospital That Nursed Over 43,000 War Soldiers

Whenever we talk about the First World War, many countries make their way into our minds and tongues. They are Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary, France, Russia, The Ottoman Empire, The UK and the US.

Brighton Royal Pavilion: A Hospital for the Indian War Soldiers

However, there is one country that repeatedly fails to make the list. And that country is none other than India. 1.5 million Indian soldiers fought at various borders across Europe on behalf of Britain.

via – ART and ARCHITECTURE, mainly

The memorials, documentaries or dedications to the soldiers from the South East Asia are close to none. But, there is one monument in Britain that serves as a reminder of the bloody past- actually a forgotten one.

The Brighton Royal Pavilion is an architecture that stands out from almost all the other great monuments of History. It stands as a proof of an Indian past seeped in blood on foreign lands.

The construction of the Royal Pavilion began in 1787 with the aim of turning it into a seaside playground for George IV, the Prince of Wales.

via – Victoriana Magazine

Later, in December 1914, it turned into a hospital for the ailing Imperial Indian soldiers. 1.5 million soldiers jeopardized their lives fighting for The Crown. Out of them, 43,000 soldiers were treated at the Brighton Royal Pavilion.

A hospital with 722 beds, even the King’s Music Room, with its ornate lotus-shaped chandeliers turned into the award.

The ‘Indian’ Dome, which gave the Pavilion an aura of ‘Indian-ness’ turned into a makeshift operating theater, where bullet wounds and shrapnel injuries were treated.

(Image credit: Architecture)

It was initially made implicit to the Indian soldiers that the King himself had vacated the palace to fast-track their recovery. However, in reality, Queen Victoria had sold the palace to the British Council way back in 1850. And that too for a massive sum of 53,000 pounds!

Anyway, it was only fitting that an ‘Indian’ looking Palace in Brighton becomes one of the rare surviving memories of history completely forgotten.

The Royal Pavilion at Brighton wasn’t just a hospital where Indian soldiers were nursed back to health. It is also evidence of days that did not exist in the consciousness of billions of Indians. A testimony of The Great War, it speaks for what has been silenced for a century- the voice of Indian fighters on none- Indian soil.

Watch this video and step into the rich (and bloody) history of Brighton’s Royal Pavilion.


As a Literature student, Pooja is passionate about the world of words. Apart from spending hours snuggled up in a blanket with a book in hand, she enjoys digging up facts and theories about historical as well as mythological events. However, sharing them with the world is what keeps her going in life.

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