Thailand’s Understanding Of Epics – Ramayana Or Ramakien!

The Ramayana is one of the essential Epics in Indian history. It talks about the story of Rama – the most perfect, flawless and ideal man on earth. The Epic discussions about Rama’s life, the difficulties he faced and the utopian society he created.

Did you know that this Epic is not only famous in India but is popular in many Asian countries in different and diverse variations? One such version is the Thai version of Ramayana which is popularly known as Ramakien. It is the National Epic of Thailand.

Ramakien means “Glory Of Rama”. It is said that the epic reached Southeast Asia via the Indian traders and scholars who traveled to the empires of Khmer, Java from India. The economic and social ties between the then Bharat and these Southeast empires led to these cultural similarities.

Despite all these similar points, there are many differences between the Indian version of Ramayana and Thailand’s Ramakien! Read out to know more!

ramakien ramayana thailand version
Via Good Read

The Character of Lord Hanuman

Hanuman is depicted as the Monkey God in both versions. In the Ramayana, he is described as a bachelor and is characterized by his virtuousness and moral perfection. He is seen as the close supporter of Ram but never draws attention to himself. He serves Ram faithfully throughout the epic but is not seen as the main hero of Ramayana.

lord hanuman ramakien ramayan
Via _Whoa.in_

On the other hand, in the Ramakien version, Hanuman is seen as one of the most important protagonists and is seen to have a more significant role than Ram. He is described as a charming macho who is capable of seducing and attracting women. He is the opposite of being a staunch Bhramachari.

Via Quora

He is seen to have relationships with many women, out which include Vibhishan’s daughter, Raavan’s daughter and his wife Mandodari as well!

Ramakien depicts Hanuman to be the bridge himself who helped the Vanara army cross from India to Lanka. The story describes how he expanded in size and transformed into a human bridge for the army and Ram to cross.

The Character of Sita

Sita, in the Ramayana, is the adopted daughter of Janaka – King of Mithila. According to the Epic, Sita was an abandoned baby found in the field by Janak. Since she was partially in the mud, they had to plow her out of the mud. Thus, the name Sita.

She is also seen as the daughter of the earth. Sita is known for patience, honor and is the most idealistic woman. She is believed to be the reincarnation of Goddess Lakshmi.

sita mata character thailand ramayana
Via _Pinterest_

Contrary to this version, Nang Sida, the wife of Phra Rama is known as the adopted daughter of Janak just like the original version. But in Ramakien, she is seen as the birth daughter of Thotsakan (Raavan). When Sida was born, Thotsakan’s astrologers predict that she will bring doomsday to Lanka.

Fearing that they might kill his daughter, he abandons her in the forest and since the adoption by Janaka, keeps a close watch on her. On knowing the fact that her beloved is sent to a 14-year banishment with her newlywed husband, Thotsakan kidnaps her and brings her to Lanka.

A parallel version of this story is that Thotsakan fell in love with Sida and kidnaps her. But he does not rape her as he knows that a forceful touch on this chaste woman will burn him alive.

Names of Other Characters

  • Lakshman – Phra Lak – half-brother
  • Bharat – Phra Prot – half-brother
  • Shatrughan – Phra Satrut – half-brother
  • Kaushalya – Nang Kaosuriya – Ram’s mother
  • King Dhashrath – Thotsarot -Ram’s father
  • Kaikeyi – Nang Kaiyakesi – Ram’s stepmother and Bharath’s mother
  • Sumitra – Nang Sammuthevi – Ram’s stepmother and Lakshman and Shatrughan’s mother
  • Kumbakarn – Kumphakan – Raavan’s brother
  •  Indrajith – Inthrachith -Raavan’s son

It is interesting to notice how the names are also very similar to each other. This proves the fact that the world is indeed small and all religions and cultures are in many ways interconnected to each other.

This is the great story of the Ideal Man Ram and Ideal Wife Sita – the 8th avatar of Vishnu and his consort.

Ramakien or Ramayana – the ideals remain the same!

Follow us



Origin of Railways and How It Started in Different Countries

The railway system in every country is considered to be the main system that comes next after the airline system in every state. We...
strange yet beautiful places to travel

9 Strange Yet Beautiful Places Which Must Be On Your Bucket List

If you have the urge for a little out of the blue adventure and have planned a bucket list centered on travel, then I...
how ouija boards work

How Do Ouija Boards Really Work?

Have you ever wanted to talk to spirits of any kind? It could be that of a family member or that of a famous...

Look Into The City Of 14 Islands

We call it “The City of Islands” or Stockholm. It is located in Sweden. The city which has a huge number of population with 1.5...

It’s Time To Experiment With Your Favorite Fruit This Summer- Mangoes!

Slice it, cube it or have it whole, the fruit satiates your taste buds like none other. This month, ensure you have your mango...

Recent post

male cook

Every Family In This Indian Village Of Kalayur Has a Male Cook!

Unique Village of Kalayur: Where Cooking Takes a Twist! Food has been an integral part of a human’s life since times immemorial. Every place on this...
holy grail

History Of The Holy Grail: The Controversial Cup

For those who are unfamiliar with the word “HOLY GRAIL”, well for most of the demonstrations it is traditionally known to be a cup...
Suzanna Goodin

Suzanna Goodin: Here’s An Interesting Story Of The Inventor Of Edible Spoon

This is story of a six-year-old girl named ' Suzanna Goodin- Inventor Of Edible Spoon ' Suzy a resident of Oklahoma had two cats at her...
How To Find The Right Cannabis Strains For You?

How To Find The Right Cannabis Strains For You?

Smoking cannabis is an intensely personal experience for most people. Some of us smoke it because it helps us to see perspective, some because...
way we travel

COVID19 Has Changed the Way We Travel in These 5 Ways

COVID 19 has undoubtedly put a mark on travel, but that doesn’t mean that people are not traveling anymore. Companies and service providers associated...

Related Articles


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.