How To Treat Leg Cramps
A cramp also called ‘Charley Horse’, is a feeling of sudden pain. However, it happens mostly in the legs, following any activity, or even during sleep.
Cramps are experienced in the lower limbs, especially in the calf (Gastrocnemius & Soleus Muscles). As well as, in the thigh (Hamstrings, Quadriceps Femoris and Glutei Muscles).
Causes Of Cramps
Cramps occur when there is a reduction in blood supply to the muscle (Transient: Ischemia / Prolonged: Infarction).
The nutrient and oxygen supply required by the muscle is not sufficient, whenever there is a reduction in blood supply. Also, there is a failure in the relaxation of muscles, resulting in pain and cramp.
- Reduced/Poor blood supply to the muscle
- Insufficient warm-up prior to strenuous exercise
- Overexertion of muscles
- Exercising in a hot climate
- Muscle fatigue
- Mineral deficiency (Potassium, Sodium, Calcium etc)
- Vitamin deficiency
- Peripheral vascular diseases
Menstrual Cramp: A menstrual cramp is different from the kind of cramp discussed in this article. A menstrual cramp is caused due to uterine contractions and is physiologic (normal).
How To Treat Leg Cramps: Follow The Tips Below To Get Rid Of Leg Cramps
Stretching is a good treatment for the management of cramps. The following images describe stretching techniques for various muscles and most commonly affected areas.
Providing heat improves blood supply to the affected area. Cramp is a result of a reduction in blood supply. Hence, the hot pack offers relief from cramps very easily.
Foods which help you in eliminating cramps
- Apple cider vinegar
- Leafy greens
However, there is much reason that can lead to cramps which have serious pathologies, such as Peripheral Vascular Diseases (Raynaud’s Disease, Buerger Disease).
Therefore, in case of repeated cramps, visit a doctor. Also, take up necessary investigations.
Good Day To All 🙂