The Most Unusual Mental And Psychological Conditions

The human brain is an amazing organ. It is primarily responsible for who we are and what we do. But a combination of personal, situational and biological factors sometimes cause malfunctioning of this organ, giving rise to a specific psychological phenomenon. Most of the conditions listed below are mental disorders, that is, they negatively impact the person’s life and healthy functioning. But some do not really hamper the individual – they just set them apart from us. So here we have some of the most unusual psychological conditions.

1. Dissociation Identity Disorder

Dissociation Identity Disorder
Via – deviantart.com

Widespread coverage of this rare disorder has not made it any less mysterious. All of us dissociate, that is, lose ourselves in our daydreams or stop processing reality. Dissociative identity disorder is an extreme form of this dissociation. This gradually leads to the creation of an alternative identity within the person. There can be more than one alters within the person, and they take turns expressing themselves. There is no limit to who an alter personality can be – a young or old, male or female, dominating or submissive, they can come in all varieties.

DID is usually associated with intense childhood trauma. In the psychological sphere, the disorder remains very controversial as there are no set diagnostic criteria or treatment plan. Nevertheless, this makes it no less distressing for the individual. They have lapses in memory, may fail to recognize themselves and may have even done things they are completely unaware of. The rarity of the disorder and lack of biological causes make it difficult to study, but psychologists continue to explore possibilities to help treat patients.

 

2. Stockholm Syndrome

Stockholm Syndrome
Via – athiestrepublic.com

In 1973, a convict took four hostages after a failed bank robbery attempt. Held for over six days, when the hostages were finally rescued, they refused to testify against the convict. In fact, they have actively started raising money to help defend them in the court of law. This malfunctioning of survival instincts is what is known as Stockholm Syndrome. Cut off from the rest of society, individuals who are kidnapped or held hostages often develop an emotional bond with their captors, dependent as they are on them for survival. This need for survival overrides the urge to hate or work against the captors. This ego defense mechanism leads to a positive emotional bond with the captor, who may use it to their advantage.

Stockholm Syndrome is not just applicable to kidnapping or hostage victims. Any condition under which the individual faces abuse and trauma, but is also dependent on the abuser for survival, can lead to the development of the state. Victims of child abuse, ex-cult members and slaves can also show symptoms.  Since it can be said that the victims do not work under free will, the treatment aims to make the person realize that their actions stemmed from the need for survival. As you can imagine, the treatment process can be tough to cope with, but combined efforts from the psychologist and the victim can help them resume a normal, healthy life.

Read also: The Truth About Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Will Terrify You!

3. Synaesthesia

Synaesthesia
Via – mentalfloss.com

A unique condition, this is one of the few psychological ‘abnormalities’ not classified as a disorder. Usually, our sensations and perceptions are singular. Vibrations from a bell enter our ear and are interpreted as sound. Reflected light rays from objects enter our eyes and are interpreted as vision.  But in synaesthesia, stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway. So, a particular sound may trigger the additional sensation of a particular taste, or a particular letter may be inherently associated with a particular color.

It can be hard to understand synaesthesia, as it goes against our fundamental experience of perception. But it is well documented and tested to be a real condition. Most psychologists suggest that an overlapping of sensory pathways may be responsible for the condition. There are many different types of synaesthesia- even one where individuals can link time and space! I recommend you watch videos on the condition if you wish you learn more, and visual representations of the condition can help you understand it better.

Read also: Everything You Need To Know About Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

4. Alien Hand Syndrome

Alien Hand Syndrome
Via – greymattersjournal.com

Ever did something without wanting to do it? Alien Hand Syndrome is an extreme form of this. Usually affecting the left hand, people suffering from this syndrome report that their hand moves on its own accord, grabbing or manipulating things without them wanting to. This can get so out of hand (sorry for the pun) that the person may try to use their other hand to restrain it.

Alien Hand Syndrome is not a reflex action, because reflex actions are inborn and purposeful. Alien hands usually emerge after brain damage, especially to the corpus callosum- the nerve bridge that connects the two hemispheres of the brain. While several possible explanations for the condition exist, there is no cure. The symptoms can be managed up to a certain degree, and voluntary control of the hand can be restored through learning tasks.

5. Cotard Delusion

Cotard Delusion
Via – mentalfloss.com

Though all of us feel like walking corpses before our first cup of coffee, people suffering from this delusion (a firmly held false belief) take it to the extreme. Though not listed as a condition in official psychological manuals, it is well documented. People with this delusion engage in self-denial; they may state that they don’t exist, or that parts of their body don’t exist. They may feel that their body is rotting away, or that they are losing their blood. Paradoxically, many may also believe themselves to be immortal.

The loss of touch with reality means that they may stop caring for their own needs. The case of Mademoiselle X describes a lady who denied the existence of her body parts and of her need to eat. In the case of suffering “The Delirium of Negation,” Mademoiselle X died of starvation. Anti-depressants and anti-psychotic medications are used to treat the delusion, along with some counselling can help the person. But the fact that the person believes they are dead may stop them from seeking help.

Humanity is fascinating, and so are our minds. But sometimes, a combination of factors causes people to develop very unique behaviors, thoughts and feelings, some of which can be detrimental to them. Whatever may be the cause or consequence, these unusual psychological conditions are just another testament to how little we know about ourselves.

Image source

Follow us

8,433FansLike
2,100FollowersFollow
239FollowersFollow

Trending

Top 7 Tips on Building a Successful Video Ad Strategy

Top 7 Tips on Building a Successful Video Ad Strategy

0
Video is the next big thing! It is a unique style of learning, a way of entertainment, and a powerful tool for influencing people....

#MIY: Here Are Some Super Easy Candles That You Can Make At Home

0
Want to do something different this weekend? Something which makes your spouse, kith, and kin happy? But something which would consume the least money! Then...
difference between curd and yogurt

Do you Know Difference Between Yogurt And Curd!

0
Difference Between Yogurt And Curd I know many people have this notion that curd and yogurt are the same! Well, even I had the same notion, until...

The Curse Of The Egyptian Mummies

0
In India, the word “Mummy” is not just a word, it is an emotion. In other places though, mummies are perceived differently altogether. One...
Inventor Benjamin Franklin

Did You Know About All Rounder Inventor Benjamin Franklin?

0
Who was Benjamin Franklin? Leading authorPrinterPolitical theoristPoliticianFreemasonPostmasterScientistInventorCivic activistStatesmanDiplomat His Inventions and Discoveries StoveBifocalsLighting RodGlass Harmonica Date And Place Of Birth DOB: January 17, 1706Place: Boston, Massachusetts, United States Study Life of...

Recent post

internet slangs

Famous Internet Slangs: Where, How and Who Came Up With LOL, WTF, OMG and...

1
The Internet has made our lives easier, cheesier and mightier, but only virtually! Making our lives much more happening than it actually is by...
exercises for joint pain

Joint Pain? Try Out These Exercises And Say Goodbye To Them!

0
Exercises For Joint Pain Life’s tough, eh? I am sure it is. Career, jobs, family- everyone has some or the other element which is making your...

Shocking Facts About Star Children With Alien DNA

1
Star children are the kids with some EHF (Extra Human Functions), which an average child does not have. These are believed to be the...

The 3 Korean Skin Care Trends You Need To Know About!

0
With the recent rise of popularity of K-pop and K- Dramas all over the world, there has been more and more interest in Korean...
turmeric benefits golden spice

The Golden Spice : Why Turmeric Is King Of All The Spices ?

0
On hearing the name of turmeric, we recollect the good old days when our mom and grandmom used to tell us to have 'haldi...

Related Articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.