Hormonal Acne: Why Does It Happen And How To Treat It?

Hormonal imbalances can make it difficult for you to keep your skin free from all skin problems. Hormones have several functions in metabolism, growth, reproduction, and even mood control, making them a vital part of our lives. However, hormonal imbalance can mean more bad news than good news for your body. It usually happens to women going through changes in their hormone levels at any point in their lives.

Source: https: allure.com

Hormonal imbalance naturally occurs during certain stages of our lives, like puberty, and pregnancy, and menopause in women. And the skin conditions are the most significant indicators of these changes. Acne, acne scars, dry skin, dark circles, and excessive hair growth or hair loss are some of the skin-related conditions that show up. Although sometimes this is natural, like with pregnancy and puberty, it is at times in our hands to take care of our bodies and health in general. Upon seeing such hormonal imbalance symptoms, the best thing to do would be to consult a dermatologist immediately. This is the best way to diagnose the imbalance and identify which hormones are causing issues. This greatly helps in healing skin conditions.

Different Types Of Hormonal Acne

Hormonal acne usually appears differently for different age groups. For young women going through their puberty, it regularly appears on their forehead, nose and chin. For elder women, it often appears on their cheeks, near their jawline.

Hormonal Acne Can Also Look Like:

Source: medicarecosmetics.co.uk

● Cysts:

Cystic acne is quite a severe type of acne. It usually occurs when cysts form deep beneath your skin. This happens due to the combination of bacteria, oil, and dry skin cells that get trapped in your pores.

● Blackheads:

Clogged hair follicles on your skin can create small bumps. These bumps are called blackheads because they look dark or black.

● Whiteheads:

A whitehead is a type of acne that forms when dead skin cells, oil, and bacteria get enclosed within one of your pores.

Factors That Cause Hormonal Acne

hormonal acne
Source: ofsunandearth.com

Hormonal acne can be caused by a different number of reasons that that can change the levels of hormones in your body. Such changes in the level of hormones can cause:

  • Acne-causing bacteria in the pores
  • Clogging of the skin pores
  • Extra production of sebum
  • Inflammation
  • Itchiness
  • Changes in the hormone levels of your body can be caused by:
  • Periods
  • Menopause
  • Increase in the levels of androgen
  • PCOS (Polycystic ovarian syndrome)

Clinical Treatments For Hormonal Acne

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The most common clinical treatments for hormonal acne include drugs that help in balancing the hormone levels. These should only be taken under the supervision of a dermatologist. Some of them are:

● Oral Contraceptives

It helps in the reduction of sebum and androgen hormones, which keeps the acne under control.
It can take some time to see the effects of the pill. They contain ethinylestradiol, which keeps your hormones in control, especially during ovulation, along with certain other chemicals.
Note: Contraceptives can cause you to harm if you have a medical history of high blood pressure,
smoking or blood clots.

● Retinoids

Retinoids are the best option for you if your acne is mild. They are Vitamin-A based and are available in the form of gels, creams, and lotions. They help your skin by reducing the clogging of pores and keeping your skin clear. However, whenever you use retinoids, you should always use sunscreen so that your skin does not get burnt.

● Anti Androgen drugs

Many women who go through their menopause (ending of menstruation) experience decreased estrogen hormone levels. To recover from such changes, many women undergo hormone replacement therapy, which is done with the help of Anti Androgen drugs. It consists of spironolactone, which is used for high blood pressure can also stabilize the androgen levels.

Natural Treatments For Hormonal Acne

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Natural treatment is usually free from any side-effects, but they might not be as fast in producing results as clinical treatments. Read further to find out How to remove pimples from the face using natural ingredients.

● Tea Tree Oil

It helps by decreasing the symptoms of mild to moderate acne. They are also available in various forms of skincare products. The oil should always be used after diluting it with a carrier oil such as olive, coconut, etc.

● Green Tea

Green tea extract helps in reducing the symptoms of acne, such as inflammation. You can always drink green tea apart or use skincare products containing green tea extract.

● AHA (Alpha hydroxy acid)

AHA is found in plants, mostly citrus fruits. It helps in the prevention of acne by removing the dead skin cells and decreasing the acne scars. It can be found in commercial face masks and creams. However, always remember to wear sunscreen while using products that contain AHA.

How Can You Prevent Hormonal Acne?

You can always avoid the appearance of Hormonal Acne by:
● Eating foods that are high in antioxidants and Omega-3 fatty acids. They help in
reducing inflammation and keeping your skin healthy.
● Trying to eat limited amounts of oily, sugary, processed foods.
● Following a proper skincare regime daily.
● Always wear sunscreen.
● Use hypoallergenic and non-comedogenic products to keep your skin clear.

However, if your hormonal acne persists, contact a dermatologist who can help you with a treatment plan that can help you in the long run and give you clear, acne-free skin.

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