What Is Physical Medicine And Why Is It Significant?

Physical Medicine

Physical Medicine/ Physiotherapy has something to do with physical function i.e. The Musculoskeletal System & the Neurological system of the human body.

Physical Rehabilitation is one of those developing fields in medicine.

Physical Medicine has everything to do with the physical abilities of the patient. The indication is mainly in patients who are facing longtime immobilization. Further, who will now face difficulties in performing what they could do earlier with ease?

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (PMR) aims at enhancing the functional ability. Also, the quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities. Functional Re-education is the name of the rehabilitation. PMR targets those areas of the body, which are potentially weak. Hence, they do not allow to carry out their Activities Of Daily Living (ADL) Adequately & Efficiently.

One of the most used techniques used in Functional Re-education is Mat Exercises. Also, patients with Neurological Deficits use the process.

Mat exercises are functional exercises on the mat. However, the patient can either do it on his own or with some assistance. These exercises help preserve the memory of movement to the patient. They do it with passive movements stimulating receptors of kinesthetic sense.

physical medicine
Via – freepik.com

The activities performed on the mat are:

  1. Rolling
  2. Bridging (Makes Bed-Pan Routine easier)
  3. Grasping
  4. Functional Activities such as Changing positions i.e. Supine to Side Lying to Prone Lying to Prone Kneeling to Kneel Sitting to Kneeling & Finally Sitting, and then progressing to Standing.

It also includes management of Musculoskeletal Conditions such as Bones & Joint Fractures, Diseases such as Osteomyelitis, Rheumatism, Ligament & Tendon Tears as well as avulsions.

Via – pmafwc.com

As far as Musculoskeletal System is concerned, physical therapy includes management of diseases. Furthermore, it includes Acute as well as chronic conditions such as Osteo/Rheumatoid Arthritis, Spondylosis (Cervical, Lumbar) Mechanical Lower Back Pain, Sacro-Iliac Joint (SIJ) Dysfunction and bony injuries.

A therapist usually makes use of following interventions:

  • Application of Therapeutic Currents such as SSF (Strong Surged Faradic Current), TENS (Trans-Cutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation), IFT (Interferential Therapy).

In case of Pain Relief

  • Application Of Ultra-Sound & Low-Intensity Laser/UVR Therapy

This is done wherein healing & repair is required.

In case lower limbs are amputated due to some reason, the goal of Rehabilitation is to teach the patient, to continue his/her ADLs. However, it is done at least in such a way, so that the patient is not completely dependent on someone.

One of the key protocols includes Gait Training using Crutches (Crutch Walking using Axillary/Elbow/Gutter Crutches or Sticks & Walkers)This involves measurement of the crutch according to the patient, strengthening of the uninvolved parts of the body, as well as counseling.

Counseling is also an essential part of physical rehabilitation, as in managing such cases, there are chances that patient might experience depression, or may indulge in other acts which are socially unacceptable.

image source

Follow us

8,435FansLike
2,100FollowersFollow
239FollowersFollow

Trending

rabbit island

Do You Know About A Rabbit Island In Japan?

0
Do you love little fluffy cute creatures known as rabbits? Do you like the idea of their roaming around here and there, eating food...

Japanese Garden – Where Simplicity Meets Balance

0
Japan is a country with long-standing traditions which respect philosophical ideas and integrate them in everyday life. The western world also learned to respect...
What Methods Should I Use To Clean My Hat?

What Methods Should I Use To Clean My Hat?

0
One of the most common questions asked by many hat owners is how can I properly wash my hats? The answer to that often...

10 Amazing Wardrobe Essentials for you this Summer

0
When it comes to a night or a day out, we women know the struggle behind it. Summer has always been terrible to us...

If You Are Eating Fast Food Regularly Then Think Again

1
Are you eating at Fast Food Restaurants quite regularly? Then think again! Fast foods as we know are made of those ingredients which are not...

Recent post

Follow These Simple Core Exercises For Your Core Strength

0
There is a reason why 'Core' is known as 'Core'. The CORE is the heart of a moving body. Strength is something which everyone aims to...
visa temple

Trouble In Getting A Visa? Visit A Visa Temple

0
India is an extraordinary country. You never know what might be waiting for you as a take a turn in the snaking lanes and...
A Beach Which Plays Hide And Seek

A Beach Which Plays Hide And Seek With You

2
Miracles of nature:- How about playing hide and seek with a beach? It sounds strange, isn't it? Well, it is. Let's move on to another...

The popularity of Japanese Cuisine is on the rise in the City!

0
Mumbai is a culinary hotspot, thanks to its thriving food and beverage industry. From fine dining outlets, casual restaurants and street food delicacies at...

The DASH Diet- Combat Hypertension With Food

0
Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure is common in people in India as well as other countries. Up to 40% of the population...

Related Articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.