What Is Physical Medicine And Why Is It Significant?

Physical Medicine

Physical Medicine/ Physiotherapy has something to do with physical function i.e. The Musculoskeletal System & the Neurological system of the human body.

Physical Rehabilitation is one of those developing fields in medicine.

Physical Medicine has everything to do with the physical abilities of the patient. The indication is mainly in patients who are facing longtime immobilization. Further, who will now face difficulties in performing what they could do earlier with ease?

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (PMR) aims at enhancing the functional ability. Also, the quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities. Functional Re-education is the name of the rehabilitation. PMR targets those areas of the body, which are potentially weak. Hence, they do not allow to carry out their Activities Of Daily Living (ADL) Adequately & Efficiently.

One of the most used techniques used in Functional Re-education is Mat Exercises. Also, patients with Neurological Deficits use the process.

Mat exercises are functional exercises on the mat. However, the patient can either do it on his own or with some assistance. These exercises help preserve the memory of movement to the patient. They do it with passive movements stimulating receptors of kinesthetic sense.

physical medicine
Via – freepik.com

The activities performed on the mat are:

  1. Rolling
  2. Bridging (Makes Bed-Pan Routine easier)
  3. Grasping
  4. Functional Activities such as Changing positions i.e. Supine to Side Lying to Prone Lying to Prone Kneeling to Kneel Sitting to Kneeling & Finally Sitting, and then progressing to Standing.

It also includes management of Musculoskeletal Conditions such as Bones & Joint Fractures, Diseases such as Osteomyelitis, Rheumatism, Ligament & Tendon Tears as well as avulsions.

Via – pmafwc.com

As far as Musculoskeletal System is concerned, physical therapy includes management of diseases. Furthermore, it includes Acute as well as chronic conditions such as Osteo/Rheumatoid Arthritis, Spondylosis (Cervical, Lumbar) Mechanical Lower Back Pain, Sacro-Iliac Joint (SIJ) Dysfunction and bony injuries.

A therapist usually makes use of following interventions:

  • Application of Therapeutic Currents such as SSF (Strong Surged Faradic Current), TENS (Trans-Cutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation), IFT (Interferential Therapy).

In case of Pain Relief

  • Application Of Ultra-Sound & Low-Intensity Laser/UVR Therapy

This is done wherein healing & repair is required.

In case lower limbs are amputated due to some reason, the goal of Rehabilitation is to teach the patient, to continue his/her ADLs. However, it is done at least in such a way, so that the patient is not completely dependent on someone.

One of the key protocols includes Gait Training using Crutches (Crutch Walking using Axillary/Elbow/Gutter Crutches or Sticks & Walkers)This involves measurement of the crutch according to the patient, strengthening of the uninvolved parts of the body, as well as counseling.

Counseling is also an essential part of physical rehabilitation, as in managing such cases, there are chances that patient might experience depression, or may indulge in other acts which are socially unacceptable.

image source

Random Post

The 12 Olympians – The Sublime Figures of Ancient Greece

Greek Mythology has no written texts like the Christian Bible or Hindu Vedas. Instead, they are spread through oral communications (especially the stories of...

This Article Will Make You Raise A Perfect Toast To These Fun Wine Facts!

Fun Wine Facts The older it gets, the better! Wine is one of the most popular drinks found in many households! An elite drink that...

Strange Features Of Vintage Cars That You Didn’t Know

How much you know about vintage cars? We have history playback for you today! 1. Automatic Belts in Vintage Cars George Cayley tossed the idea of...

Latest article

6 Christmas Gifts for Him That You Didn’t Think Of

Christmas is fast approaching, and it can often be difficult to find gifts for that someone you love. Here are five great Christmas gift...

Best Techniques To Prepare Your Pre-schooler For Their First Day Of School

The first day at school is nerve-racking for children and parents. In many cases, this is the first time you will have been separated...

Searching For A Potential Wedding Venue? 5 Questions To Ask Yourself And Your Partner

Planning a wedding is an exciting time. You’ve probably been excitedly chatting about an abundance of ideas you’ve both has since the engagement, and...

Related Articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.